Teaching English with TED Talks: The ‘Content and Language Integrated Learning’ Approach

in Professional Development/Teaching

TED talks are gaining increasing popularity on the internet, attracting a worldwide audience of fascinated viewers. Teachers can tap into this resource to use it to their benefit (and to that of their students, of course). In this article, Beate Ziebell will explain why teaching English with TED talks is a smart idea and how it works.

My background

I am not an English teacher but a software engineer, and some time ago, language learning became my passion. In school, I was not very good at languages. One of our subjects was Russian, but because it was not very popular, very few of the pupils learned it. My motivation to learn English was higher. Still, I only became fluent in English after studying Electrical Engineering in the UK. Later, I learned French and Italian autodidactically.

Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in the classroom

Therefore, I want to share some insights I had while learning these languages. This article will provide a “how-to to create learning material I wish I had had when I was in school” and will also make some suggestions on how to integrate this material in class.

Motivation is one of the key factors for successful language learning. When I was in the UK, I wanted to study Electrical Engineering, so it was necessary to learn English to be able to do it. But one does not have to go abroad to find motivation. Any learning material which is interesting for a student is intrinsically motivating.

Ideally, the teaching material should be funny, entertaining, useful for the job or otherwise intriguing. Learning English, and at the same time learning something new, hits two birds with one stone: studying the subject matter and the target language.

Examples for teaching English through a different subject could be:

  • Learning about history (children could learn about the mysterious world of the Sumerians or the Roman empire)
  • Learning a programming language (there are some funny and simple programming languages designed for kids)
  • Reading a funny or entertaining book (here, one could find books for almost every age), or study literature

Research confirms that CLIL is a compelling and effective method for learning a new language.

TED Talks – Interesting learning content for everyone

TED talks are extensive resources for a CLIL-like teaching approach. The organization is non-profit and devoted to spreading ideas, mainly in the form of short, powerful speeches. There are TED talks about almost every conceivable topic, like technology, science, design, health, the environment, personal growth and many others. Currently, over 3100 talks are available. Therefore, it is possible to find an inspiring talk for every individual student in class.

Which TED Talks to choose

When teaching English with TED talks, choose one which has a lot of vocabulary in it to help students learn as much as possible. Never mind if the talk contains difficult words, because almost all of them have transcripts in multiple languages. So, with the help of the transcript, the meaning of difficult words can be grasped quickly.

How to make a parallel text transcript from a TED Talk

To make learning convenient and fast, create a parallel text transcript. Please make sure to do this only for personal use in the context of the classroom. See the TED talks usage policy for more information.

A parallel text transcript can be created following these steps:

  1. Open a Google Sheets document (or Excel/Open Calc). Here I will use Google Sheets since it is free and can be used wherever you are. But the how-to should be very similar for each of the programmes mentioned. Because some of the functionality of Google Docs/Sheets works only with Google Chrome, it is best to use the Chrome browser for this purpose.
  2. Copy the English transcript to column A. To this end, select the entire English transcript, click into the first cell of the Google Sheets document, and select ‘Copy’.
  3. For the column format, choose ‘Format/Text Wrapping/Wrap’.
  4. Copy the transcript of the mother tongue of your students into column B and select “Wrap”.
  5. Now adjust both widths of the columns so that it is comfortable to read. This can be done by clicking on the column header and choosing ‘Resize Column’.
  6. Additionally, select ‘Format/Align/Top’, so the text of each cell starts at the beginning of the cell.
  7. Now compare the columns. Do the languages match? Unfortunately, sometimes the transcripts are not well adjusted.
  8. Search for (Laughter/Lachen) as a reference point in the transcript. Insert needed cells. In my example, I needed to insert some cells and copy some text to it so that the languages matched. For a long text (“The surprising science of happiness”) this took 20 minutes.
  9. Adjust the column font and size to your liking. This can be done by selecting the entire column and changing the drop-down menu for font and size.
  10. Now you can convert the parallel text transcript to a PDF. Go to ‘File/Print/’. Choose ‘Portrait’ and ‘Next’ in the right-hand corner of the document. Now you can click on ‘Save as PDF’.  

Maybe suggest three TED talks to your students and let them choose the topic.

How to adjust the speed of the talk and download its audio

The students should now listen to the talk multiple times and make sure they comprehend it. Note that you can adjust the speed of the talk. Hover with the mouse over the wheel of the talk. You can then speed up or slow down the video by clicking on the speed selectors.

To improve pronunciation and to remember the vocabulary, it is helpful to download the audio to your smartphone or MP3 player.

To achieve this:

  • Visit a talk page
  • Click the “Share” button
  • In the pop-up box that appears you have several options for sharing or downloading the file
  • Choose “Download audio”

Now the students can listen to the talk again and again during other activities and will memorize the new vocabulary without much effort.

After understanding the talk and listening to it multiple times, this preparation can be used as a starting point for discussions in class and other activities.

Please contact me via info@forum-sprachen-lernen.com if you have any questions regarding creating parallel text content. If you would like some ready-to-use material, please visit my webpage ‘English for Kids’. The page contains a free book you can use in class, including the famous poem ‘The Jabberwocky’ by Lewis Carroll and some chapters of the book ‘The Story of Mankind’.

If you found this article useful and would like to learn more about computerized teaching, take a look at this post on using corpus analysis tools in the classroom.

Beate Ziebell

Beate Ziebell is a software engineer and language learning enthusiast. She uses her technical background to create personally tailored  materials for language learners. Searching for ways to apply new technology to study languages, she shares her findings on her blog at https://forum-sprachen-lernen.com.

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